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America Gun Laws

Gun Laws: Comparing Wales and America

Gun laws differ from country to country due to a number of different factors. The differences can be even more specific when it comes to America, especially when compared from one state to another. To avoide any doing any mistake, Look at Adventurefootstep now to learn more. While these differences are glaring and significant to a shocking extent, the basic concept that guns & accessories for shooting are dangerous weapons and that they can put other people’s lives in danger once put in the wrong hands is a universal truth. Then again, different people look at universal truths from different angles, and they build upon the perspective they have.

Privilege, Not a Right

This is not an uncommon saying, but it does carry a lot of weight with it whenever it is applied. Whereas the United Kingdom does not shy away from gun ownership, it is much stricter in how it deals with firearms, plus the purchase, possession, or rent thereof. In fact, it is among the strictest in the world. For the United Kingdom, gun ownership is a mere privilege and not a right, and its state is sworn to protect its people from the dangers thereof. All firearms in the United Kingdom must be licensed either with a firearm certificate or a shotgun certificate, the issuing authority of which being the local police forces due to the process involving the use of local information. Handguns, however, which are considered prohibited, require the authorization of the Home Office instead of the Secretary of State. This contrasts America, which follows the Second Amendment that specifically says that keeping and baring arms is a right. The Second Amendment was adapted in 1791, back when firearms had a much slower firing rate and things were significantly different. The differences in the understanding of the concepts of gun ownership also reflect on the number of firearm-related crimes. Whereas America has had multiple shootings in 2018, the United Kingdom has much, much less. In fact, the rate of firearm-related crimes in the United Kingdom is significantly distant from a percent relative to the total rate of recorded crimes.

Right, Not a Privilege

As per the Second Amendment, it is the right of an American citizen to keep and bare arms. Gun laws, however, differ from one state to another. There are states that allow for the open carry of long firearms and yet prohibit the open carry of handguns, and there are states with policies inverse to the aforementioned. This does not mean that America is very loose with its policies on public open carry, for in most states, such a thing is prohibited. Still, time has been making these policies looser. In some states, public open carry of an unlicensed firearm or that which is without permit is allowed, although they must not be loaded. Thirty-one states, to be exact.

Understanding the United Kingdom and its Policies on Gun Ownership

Guns, Accessories for Shooting, and the United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, all firearms must be licensed with either a firearm certificate or a shotgun certificate. As for projectile weapons that don’t fall on either category, the ownership thereof must have a valid reason, examples of which being for hunting purposes or shooting club membership. Owning such a weapon for self-defense is not allowed.
Allowed Firearms
⦁ Semi-automatic guns with cartridge size .22 inches in diameter and below.
Prohibited Firearms
⦁ Fully automatic weapons, some air firearms included
⦁ Burst-fire weapons, again including some air guns
⦁ Semi-automatic rifles shooting center-fire ammo
⦁ Pump-action rifles shooting center-fire ammo
⦁ Handguns with cartridge ammunition
⦁ Firearms camouflaged or posed as another object
⦁ Powerful and explosive weapons such as rockets and mortars
⦁ Self-contained gas cartridge-style air guns
⦁ Weapons that discharge toxic matter, whether liquid or gas or some other element, examples of which include stun guns, tear gas, electrically stunning devices, et cetera
⦁ Even cattle prods may be included depending on their type, although they are generally not prohibited

Applicants for a Firearm Certificate

Anybody is permitted the possession, purchase, or acquisition of a firearm upon the condition that they are assessed by the police as being non-threatening and with valid reason for the possession thereof.
Organizations that handle firearms such as museums, gun dealers, and shooting clubs are likewise required to apply for licenses for the possession and usage of firearms. As for individuals on a three-year prison sentence or longer, they are not allowed the possession of guns or ammo.

Suspended Sentences

Three-month suspended sentences or any of longer duration will inhibit a person from the purchase or possession of firearms or ammo for a five-year period, the countdown thereof beginning two days after the sentence has been made. This has been the case since the 14th of July in the year 2014. As for persons who already had a firearm certificate and received suspended sentences prior to the aforementioned date, they would be able to retain their firearm and ammunition for as long as their certificates were valid.
Such a timescale will allow persons involved or in question to not be immediately disobedient to the law upon the passing of the sentence and to be given time to arrange for the transference or disposition of the firearm or ammunition concerned.

Age Restrictions

Put simply, one must be fourteen years old and higher in order to apply for a firearm certificate, although with many restrictions as well as exceptions. However, one must be eighteen years old and above to be allowed the purchase or rent of any firearm or ammunition.
There are situations wherein some people and parties are exempted from needing to have a certificate, including some merchants, shooting ranges, armed forces personnel, theater productions, film productions, television productions, et cetera.

Who Is Fit to Own a Firearm?

Authorities for licensing will perform checks such as interviews, property visits, criminal record checks, and references from connections in order to determine the fitness of a person for gun ownership.

South Wales Police

Applying for a license in South Wales Police is a lengthy process, particularly because of its 16-week waiting period. The process involves scrutinous evaluation.

When applying for a license, applicants must:

⦁ Provide all personal information, including name, GP details, medical declaration, and address
⦁ Announce, if any, all of one’s convictions
⦁ Be honest and not conceal any detail
⦁ Give photographic identification
⦁ Provide references

The Price You Pay

Firearm and shotgun certificates generally have a five-year validity, whereas registered gun dealers have certificates with a validity of three years. Starting from the 6th of April in the year 2015, firearm certificates will cost:
⦁ Grant – £88
⦁ Renewal – £62
⦁ Variation – £20
⦁ Substitution of certificate that has gone missing or ruined – £4
⦁ Shotgun certificate grant – £79.50
⦁ Gun dealers’ first registration – £200
⦁ Visitors’ firearm and shotgun permit – £20

In conclusion, gun laws can be significantly different from country to country, even state to state. While each country can decide for itself how it views firearms and weaponry, consequences of considering firearm possession a privilege and not a right, and vice versa, can be contextually universal. The whole world knows that school shootings are bad and the whole world is aware of the dangers that come with firearms and possession thereof, privilege or right. How each country looks at the idea, however, is individual. As much as one may hope for a more unified policy on firearms across borders, each country and each state looks at firearms from a different perspective, and there are more factors that come into play.

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